New genetic markers could improve early detection of drug-resistant tuberculosis

To many, tuberculosis (TB) may seem like a disease from a bygone era. But it still claims more than one million lives every year. And the problem is growing worse as Mycobacterium tuberculosisthe pathogen that causes TB, continues to evolve resistance to the antibiotics used to treat the disease. Now, researchers at San Diego State … Read more

Researchers confirm the existence of a 36-mer cellulose synthase supercomplex in cotton fiber

About 180 billion tons of celluloses are produced by the world’s vegetation annually, making this polysaccharide the most abundant biological macromolecule on earth. It is produced predominantly by vascular plants, by a large number of algae and also by some bacteria, protists and tunicates. Cellulose microfibrils used for cell wall deposition are usually synthesized at … Read more

Tiny Channels Discovered Inside The Human Skull Could Be Vital For The Brain

A shortcut between the skull and the brain could be a possible way for the human immune system to bypass the blood-brain barrier. Researchers recently discovered a series of tiny channels in mice and human skulls, and in mice at least, these little pathways represent an unexpected source of brain immunity. Previously, scientists assumed that … Read more